Ayurvedic Therapy for Ligaments, Tendons, Muscles and Joints
Author: Dr Govind Rajpoot PhD
In Ayurveda, there are two main types of treatments. One is shamanam (pacification of dosha) and another is shodhanam (cleansing of dosha). Panchakarma is the main techinique for the shodhanam. But to apply the Panchakarma, body should be well prepared which means tridosha should be balanced in the body. In ancient Indian culture, balancing the tridhoshas was part of the daily life system. But in modern times when the body is cultured by civilized manners (cars, sofa, table and chair, beds etc.), Vata is usually disordered, therefore even Panchakarma is not applicable directly. Firstly, It is important to remove excess Vata from the body. For this purpose, our Guru Dátá has developed this techinque of massage. It was first used by wrestlers who needed their body in perfect condition. But the author found this technique useful for people of these modern times, especially western cultured people (now including Indians). This technique is indicated for Vata disorders in muscles, tendons, ligaments, and joints for a perfect mobility of the body. Dátá Snéhan Massage uses Hatha-Yoga postures and several different methods for stretching and relaxation. The technique requires knowledge of Ayurveda and anatomy as well as common sense.
The body is comprised of cells and intercellular spaces through which nutrients flow with the aid of Vata through the intercellular channels (shrotas). Disorders of Vata disrupt the balance of cellular life and the tissues and the person does not feel well. This kind of massage (dátá snehan) was developed for the purpose of removing Vata from the channels.
The most overloaded parts of the body are the joints, the ligaments, the muscles and the tendons. What is needed to alleviate Vata disorders is that the tissues be stretched, within the framework of their given capacities, through knowledge of structural anatomy and yoga positions. In addition, the opposite qualities of Vata (snigda, ushna, tikshna, etc.) are used to alleviate the disorders.